GIOVENTU » Want to become a school teacher in Italy?

Want to become a school teacher in Italy?

Becoming a qualified teacher in Italy has always been a long and painful process. To work permanently in a school, hired by the Italian government, it is necessary to pass a public exam, held at irregular lapses of time when new vacancies arise. For this reason the public exam can be every three years or every 10. The last one was in 2012 and it offered a permanent position for thousands of teachers on the condition that they had to accept the job wherever it was. It ended up that many teachers from the south had to move to small towns in the north or to turn down the offer.

9000 teachers have been hired by the state after the 2012 public exam. Polemics arose because the  teacher's ranking which determined the transferring to other cities has never been made public. 

The leaders of the Ministry of Education have made it known that the allocation mechanism has taken into account the order of preferences expressed by the teachers according to their qualifications (teacher or support teacher) and their ranking according to merit or experience.  But the exact nature of the algorithm that has transferred nine thousand people from south to north is still unknown.


This is why the 5 stars Movement have risen a point of order to the Culture Committee of the House of parliament, declaring that if the ranking is not public, it will not be possible for the winners to compare lists and scores, and check the correctness of the procedure. It is a question of transparency and the only way to give teachers the chance to appeal in case of error. The risk is now that the rankings will be published after the hiring process has been completed. 

With the new school reform becoming a teacher will be a longer and more expensive process.

So far, after graduation it was possible to attend a certification course called TFA or PAS, a full time course of a cost of about 3000 euros, but this course was not available every year creating a very unequal situation between who had it at their disposal and who didn't.

The next public exam has been announced for 2015 and only qualified teachers will be admitted. For this reason all the unqualified teachers are protesting together with the recently graduated who will have to wait many years before qualifying. Moreover, passing the public exam won't mean getting a job because there are still people in the ranking list waiting for a position.

After winning the competition 3 years training will be necessary. The first year will be dedicated to achieving a specialization diploma and the other two years will be spent training at a school with a wage of 500 Euros per month.  


So a 23 years old graduated in 2015 will have to wait until 2019 for the public exam, in the luckiest of hypothesis, when the candidate will be 27, and then if successful, from 2020 to 2023 will have to attend the school training and from 2024/2025 could hope for a stable position at the age of 34.

It doesn't sound too bad considering that up to now teachers achieve a permanent position well above that age group, and some never achieve that goal. Unfortunately the hypothesis considered for the new system might be unrealistic considering that its a very optimistic one.

Moreover, from 2015 it will be necessary to gain the teaching qualification with the TFA or through a qualifying degrees. But the TFA course won't start within the next two years, so who just obtained their degree will have to wait for it and there won't be a public exam before 2019.

Giulia Lombardo

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