NEWS » The dangers of political deadlock in Italy

The dangers of political deadlock in Italy



Italy holds its breath waiting for the new Government to be formed. The political deadlock has revived fears that Italy might fall again into the Eurozone crisis and for sure, Italy's stagnant economy isn’t going to benefit from political uncertainty.

The country is in fact in deep recession, with a record unemployment and a 2-trillion-euro debt. This is the reason why the stalemate deeply concerns European leaders and businessmen.

A few steps towards a new Government have already been made since the general elections of the end of February left no clear majority to create a solid Parliament, leaving the third largest economy in a political  standstill.

According to the Italian political system a new Government needs a majority in both houses and the centre-left party narrowly won but failed to gain the majority in the upper house.

On the 16th of March Pietro Grasso, ex national attorney against the mafia, was elected as President of the Senate. While Laura Boldrini, ex ONU Spokeswoman of the High Commissioner for Refugees was elected as president of the Chamber of Deputies.

These results were welcomed as a big novelty and a strong sign of change, giving new hope to Italian people for a radical turning point and a possible coalition. Indeed the left party lead by Bersani gained the two more prominent roles in the Parliament also thanks to the votes of members of “Movimento 5 stelle”.

A few days ago Italy’s left wing leader Luigi Bersani was asked to form the new Government. There are big divisions to face up to. Even though formally all parties agree at least that there are urgent economic issues to be dealt with, the divisions seem still too deep to be solved.

Bersani is going to propose a program of reforms hoping for the support of all the forces of Parliament, but Beppe Grillo, whose Five Star Movement won 25% of the votes, has declared he will not support Bersani’s PD.

Berlusconi has already made a proposal for Bersani to form a coalition and he wants a member of the centre-right as Napolitano's successor as head of State. Napolitano’s term ends on May 15).

If  Bersani will fail, a technocratic government similar to Prime Minister Mario Monti's outgoing one, might be needed until new elections in June.

Giulia Lombardo

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