GIOVENTU » Italian job market for youngsters

Italian job market for youngsters

 

Italian people from 15 to 34 years old: rare goods in Italy

In the last ten years 2 million young people have disappeared from the Italian job market. A consistent number of them have left the country to look for a job abroad. It is impossible to define precisely the number of young Italians who live abroad because most of the time they don’t change their residence.

If at the beginning of the century the government could register the number of Italian Immigrants abroad, this is no longer possible nowadays when the European borders are open and fluid and low-cost flights make travelling affordable and easy.  

The new generation of emigrants are mainly young professionals who chose to leave the country mainly because they couldn’t find a job related to their studies. An important difference from the previous historical emigration waves is that they don’t sent money back home as they used to do in the past. This happens because they don’t leave Italy for bare necessity but for the desire to find a more satisfactory king of occupation.

The peculiarity of this emigration flow is that it is one way only because other young people from the rest of Europe are not attracted by the Italian job market. 

Claudia Cucchiarato in the book “Vivo altrove. Giovani e senza radici. Gli emigranti italiani di oggi”. Points out the reasons of the phenomenon which, as we said, still lacks a precise data and is not on the government agenda.

The Italian population is dramatically changing, in fact, while 2 million young people have disappeared from the job market in the last 10 years, according to Censis data, in the same period of time the number of over 65 increased by almost 2 million. From this point of view the Italian situation, along with Germany, is one of the worst in Europe.

Italian young people are also the less educated. 29 % of the middle young (25-34) have only attended high school against the 16% in France and UK, and 14% in Germany.

Only 20,7% have a degree against the European average of 33%, 40,7 in the UK and 42,9 in France.

Additionally, because of a longer period of study, Italian young people start working later than their European peers. In the age group 15-24, a 60,4%  are still studying or training against the  53,5% EU average, the 45,1% of Germany and 39,1% of the UK.  Employed young people of this age group are 20,5% against 34,1% of the EU average, 46,2% of Germany and  47,6% of the UK.

 The consequence is that there is a large number of people who neither study nor work. It has been defined by the Censis “The Italian record of voluntary inactivity” and it involves 11,2%  against the  3,4% of the EU average.

 But the most shocking data is that 35% of young people (25-34 years of age) don’t have a job to maintain themselves and the percentage increases if we consider women who do not work: 45% and the in south by itself there are 53%.

 What is more is that having a degree doesn’t help to find a job. Italian people who have a degree have more difficulties in finding a job than people with just a professional diploma.  

Giulia Lombardo

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