NEWS » Growth forecast for Italian Wine Production 2013
Growth forecast for Italian Wine Production 2013
Finally some good news: in 2013 Italian wine production will grow by 8%. In the last two years the high temperatures have reduced the harvest to its lowest rate in the last sixty years. Expectations for wine production are very encouraging this year, showing an increase of 5% in Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia Romagna and Tuscany; +10% in Sicily and Sardinia; +15% in Campania, Apulia and Trentino Alto Adige; +20% in Abruzzo. Only Friuli Venezia Giulia will see a decrease of 5% in its wine production.
Abruzzo is the region with the main production growth compared to last year, adversely affected by drought and temperatures above average. This year, the abundance of rainfall and warm weather encouraged a productive recovery. For early varieties (Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio), the harvest began in the last days of August in the coastal areas, while the more inland and hilly areas between late August and early September. For other white grapes (Trebbiano, Malvasia, Passerina and Pecorino) the beginning of the harvest is expected from mid-September onwards. For red varieties, mainly Sangiovese and Montepulciano, it is expected that it will take place from the end of September and will continue through the last days of October.
In Piedmont the heavy rainfall last winter allowed the vines to start the growing season with a good supply of water. A not particularly mild Spring caused a delay in budding, and only from mid-August, with sunny days and good temperature, the ripening of the grapes began. The less productive wine variety will be Nebbiolo while for the others (Moscato, Brachetto, Barbera) production is expected to increase by 5% compared to 2012.
Friuli Venenzia Giulia is the only region to record a drop in production compared to 2012. The heavy rainfall in Spring (in the first five months of 2013 the amount of water that fell was that usually recorded on average in a year) contributed to the development of vine diseases and other phenomena that negatively affected the production. The grapes are good quality but the quantities are declining in particular Pinot Grigio, Friulano, Chardonnay, Cabernet Franc and Merlot.
Good news also for Spumante. In spite of the unusual rainy Spring and Summer the grapes for Spumante wine have reached the right stage of ripening right on time as it hadn’t occurred for twenty years.
The hot season, which arrived with a slight delay, proved to be ideal for the perfect ripening of the grapes used for sparkling wine. In 2012 there was a decrease of about 30% yields due to erratic weather conditions, but this year the forecasts are between 35% and 40% more than last year and the great heat of this August bodes well with regards to quality .