GIOVENTU » Emigration from Italy by 20-40 age group up by 30%

Emigration from Italy by 20-40 age group up by 30%


Is Italy going to be a country for elderly people?

According to AIRE, the registry of Italians living abroad, emigration from Italy among the age group 20-40 increased by 30%. The preferred destination is Germany, followed by Switzerland and Great Britain.

Italians living abroad up to the 31st of December 2012 amounted to 4,341,156, an increase of 132,179 over the previous year.

62.4% of immigrants in 2012 chose Europe as their final destination, followed by South, North and Central America and Asia, Oceania and Africa.

10,520 Italians have chosen Germany, followed by Switzerland (8,906), Great Britain (7,520), France (7,024), Argentina (6,404), USA (5,210), Brazil (4,506), Spain (3,748), Belgium (2,317) and Australia (1,683).

A total of 2,320,645 Italians expatriated from the country since July 1, 1990, almost 600 thousand of them belonged to the age group 20-40 years old.

The crisis is heavily affecting Italian society. Less jobs, less hope for the future. As a consequence last year Italian emigration has seen an increase of 30 percent over the previous 12 months. More men than women go abroad, most are in their thirties and from Lombardy. 

The reasons are mainly related to the lack of employment and, more generally, of perspectives, but many are also those who leave because they are fed up with insecure and underpaid jobs. 

According to AIRE data, last year the emigration from the Peninsula has increased from 60,635 people in 2011 to 78,941 in 2012. The men were 56% versus 44% of women. The expatriates in the age group 20-40 years old increased by 28.3% in a year. This phenomenon, commonly named as “Fuga dei talenti”, "the escape of talents ", that is, young qualified people leaving Italy to find their fortune abroad, in 2012 represented 44.8% of the total flow of expatriation.

Surprisingly the most affected region was Lombardy, 13,156 people from Lombardy have transferred their residence abroad in 2012, followed by  the Venetians (7,456), the Sicilians (7,003), people from Piedmont (6,134), from Lazio (5,952), from Campania (5,240), from Emilia-Romagna (5,030), from Calabria (4,813), from
Puglia (3,978) and also from Tuscany (3,887).

If we consider also the young people who live abroad without changing their residence, impossible to quantify though, the numbers would certainly grow massively.

Giulia Lombardo

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